Immediately below him are five Members Directing Staff holding the rank of joint secretary to the government, each of whom is responsible to look after one of the five functional divisions, namely management and public administration; programme and studies; development and economics; research and consultancy; and projects. More over the subject Public Administration and International Relations is a vast one and due to the scarce time we could not complete many of the major portions. Singhavarman and his son Chandravarman of Puskarana (Pokharna in Bankura district) enjoyed the title of Maharaja. The responsibility for framing the rules of business and for allocation of functions among various ministries/divisions also rests with the cabinet division. After the partition of India new rules of business modeled almost on what had been in existence prior to 1947 were framed in Pakistan under the constitution of 1956. Under each ministry or division there are attached departments, subordinate offices and Para Statal bodies. It also supervises and monitors the execution of development projects. Based on the views of the committee final draft of the proposed law is placed before the Sangsad for approval. Policy formulation remains one of the important functions of a ministry dealing with a specified subject. His goals were to act against corruption and reorganize the administrative apparatus in order to implement overdue reforms, stand as a strong centralizing force while keeping his civilian opponents at bay, and placate the military so as to prevent further coup attempts. Unlike Mujib, Zia utilized whatever talent he could muster to spur on the economy, and he did not discriminate, as Mujib had, against civil servants who had not fully participated in the freedom struggle. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. On 1 September 1980 the government introduced a unified career service designated as ‘Bangladesh Civil Service’ (BCS) with 28 cadres and sub-cadres. After 1971 the government of Bangladesh saw the benefits of involving more people in democratic decision-making and development programs, but the progress of reform was slow. Specific functions as enunciated in the BPATC charter are: to equip public and business executives of Bangladesh for their role in a dynamic and developing society; to impart in-service training to persons in the service of the Republic and of local authorities; to provide foundation training to the officers of various cadres of the Bangladesh Civil Service; to provide foundation and refresher training to non-cadre officers of the government; to organize research and publication on public administration and development; to publish books, periodicals and reports on administration and development; to establish and maintain libraries and reading rooms; to advise the government on any specific problem of administration and development as and when referred to it; to do such other acts as may be considered necessary for carrying out the purpose of the ordinance. For example, although the sub district council chairman was responsible for writing the nirbahi officer’s annual evaluation, the officer was expected to submit the evaluation form to the sub district council chairman, and in many cases these forms did not appear, thus preventing the chairmen from exercising control. There are two broad aspects of such assistance to the minister. d) The Administrative Tribunals. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Under the Pitt’s India Act, 1784, the Bengal Government was strictly prohibited from making any more experimentation in administration and introduces permanent rules and regulations for the governance of the country. Administrative Reformsofficial attempts aimed at restructuring or reorganising the existing governmental structure and its mode of functioning. He circulates to each minister a copy of the minutes of cabinet meeting as approved by the Prime Minister, and sends extracts of the relevant cabinet decision(s) for implementation to the secretary of the concerned ministry. The four divisions had the same name as the four municipal corporations. After inter-ministerial consultation, the policy in draft form is placed before the cabinet for approval. Ershad announced that one of his highest priorities was a reorganization of the government in order to decentralize decision making and development projects. He is responsible as well to keep a constant watch on the implementation of such decisions. They also provide the technical information and advise their parent ministry/division on technical aspects of business transacted by the latter. December 23. Each of these divisions, however, is headed by separate secretaries, all of whom work under one minister. Under the constitution adopted in 1962, new rules of business were then framed under article 81 of the constitution which was revised from time to time. The posts of secretary, additional secretary, joint secretary, deputy secretary are held by the members of various cadre services in the secretariat. The Land Reforms Ordinance of 1984 granted important rights to tenants for the first time in the history of Bangladesh, and a new plan for the divestment of government industries promised to move the country away from socialism. Almost all of them are now holding policy level positions in the Bangladesh Secretariat, and most of the non-CSP officers seem envious of their leadership ability. Daily Newspaper and Official website bcsadminacademy.gov.bd published BCSAA Job circular 2021. Ershad suspended the Constitution, disbanded Parliament, prohibited all political activities, and deprived the president, vice president, and cabinet ministers of their offices. Although there was some speculation that Zia’s widow, Begum Khalida Ziaur Rahman, and Mujib’s daughter, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, would be candidates, Sattar ran against a number of political unknowns in the November election and won the presidential election with two-thirds of the vote. Moreover, while he is otherwise obligated to consult the commission, there is no obligation to accept the commission’s advice in all cases. Remuneration and privileges of the President, Prime Minister, and other ministers. With the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1935, such rules came to acquire a constitutional or legal source of authority. to access vital services from digital centres, within a walking distance of four kilometres.” Over the past decade, the ‘Access to Information’ (a2i) project, set up by the UN Development Programme in partnership with the Government of Bangladesh, has been driving innovation in public service delivery. Cadre\ Non-cadre – The cadre distinguishes the particular occupational group to which a civil servant may belong either at the time of recruitment or subsequently through promotion from a lower no cadre post. An assistant secretary/senior assistant secretary is ordinarily assisted by an administrative officer and other staff. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. This gives the official certain privileges, such as being mentioned in the ‘order of priority’, the authority to authenticate signatures and to recommend persons for obtaining official documents like passport. The Culture of Tadbir: The Building Block of Administrative Decisions in the Bangladesh Civil Service. Under the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Bill 1975, the parliamentary system was abandoned and a one-party presidential system introduced. Forty percent of all new positions were allotted on the basis of merit; 30 percent were reserved for former freedom fighters (Mukti Bahini), and 20 percent were allotted to women. ASRC was headed by Professor Muzaffar Ahmed Choudhury, the then Vice Chancellor of Dhaka University. Chapter 03 Some Profiles of Administrative Structure of Bangladesh. The cabinet division is responsible for looking after the general administration of the thanas/upazilas, districts and divisions. After the elections of 1991 the country adopted a parliamentary form of government which necessitated a revision of the existing rules of business, although the basic structure and contents of the revised rules remained much the same. Throughout his regime, Zia pursued an active foreign policy, and the legacy of his efforts continued to bear fruit in the late 1980s. Officers of this Cadre play a vital role in government policy formation and take part in the implementation of government policy at field level. As mentioned above. The Act made it clear that Bengal was a British dominion and thus its proper administration must be made the supreme concern of the company. In respect of planning functions each ministry draws up development projects which are generally of two types, i.e. Study tours and visit to different institutions are regularly arranged so that participants can gather practical knowledge. The quotas were distributed among districts on the basis of population. Their level ranges from newly recruited Civil Servants to the top level policy makers. The ASRC submitted its report in two parts, one in April and the other in October 1973. The task of the ministry is to assist the minister and the other members of the committee to deal with issues that are raised in the committee. The subordinate office means an office of the government which has not been declared as an attached department and which normally does not deal directly with any ministry/division. In the opinion of many observers, Zia, although ruthless with his opponents, was the nation’s best leader since independence. The relationship between the ministries/divisions and these bodies is regulated by guidelines issued by the government. Again, it is also left to the discretion of the Prime Minister to reorganize ministries by merger or separation. The minister is responsible for conducting the business of his ministry/division unless otherwise directed by the Prime Minister. In practice, however, the responsibility of BPSC is not as extensive as it may appear, for the President may, by order made after consulting the commission, exclude any of the constitutionally specified matters from the commission jurisdiction. the National Implementation Committee for Administrative Reorganization. The proclamation of independence issued effective from 10 April 1971 provided for a provisional government under the leadership of Acting President Syed Nazrul Islam with its headquarters located at Mujibnagar, but in reality in Calcutta. A subordinate office is an office of the Government which has not been declared as attached department and normally does not deal directly with any ministry/division. The secretary is the administrative head of a ministry/ division. There are no special qualifications for appointment except the requirement that at least one-half of the members must be persons who have held offices in the government service for at least twenty years. From 15 August 1975 to 9 April 1979, there were several rounds of martial laws interspersed with civil governments. In those days the rules for the conduct of business in the executive council were formulated through resolutions adopted in the council meetings. Prime Minister (PeoplesRepublic of Bangladesh). Under the colonial rulers it assumed a new character with alien ideas and institution incorporated in it. Second, the sub district councils were designed to create and implement development activities in their areas, but they were typically slow to draft five-year plans or carry through broad-based development efforts. After the emergence of Bangladesh two separate commissions, namely the Public Service Commission (First), and the Public Service Commission (Second), were initially established in May 1972 under provisions made in President’s Order No. During the early British period, when modified versions of Mughal (1526-1858) and earlier administrations were adopted, the closest the government came to the rural society was the zamindar, an administrator with concurrent judicial functions, who ensured revenue flows from the localities to the central government and handled a wide variety of official business. Moreover, a separate document called ‘Secretariat Instructions’, issued by the government under rule 4 (x) of the Rules of Business, provides the manner of disposal of governmental business in the Secretariat and its various attached departments. The number of ministries and divisions increased to 38 and 46, respectively, by the year 1999. This heritage included administrative competence, which proved invaluable in running a young Bangladesh and an expectation by the elite of benefits and power. To operate the activities of the government there are some policy makers of government and some employees and to continue the managerial activity government itself has to direct control and motivate its employees that is why government has a specific administrative structure. The subsequent Martial Law Proclamation, Chief Martial Law Administrator’s Orders, Martial Law Regulations and Ordinances were confirmed and ratified by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1986. The form of government has also undergone changes quite a number of times. The first part of the report contained proposals for the reorganization of the services. Details of the typical organizational set-up of the ministry or division run as follows: An additional secretary or a joint secretary working just below the secretary is normally designated as the head of a wing. The uniqueness of medieval administration lies in the fact that despite frequent changes in dynasties, it bore the main characteristics of several centuries old institutions which the Turko-Afghans carried with them to India. Bangladesh Civil Service (Administration), Bangladesh Civil Service (Agriculture), Bangladesh Civil Service (Fisheries), Bangladesh Civil Service (Livestock), Bangladesh Civil Service (General Education), Bangladesh Civil Service (Technical Education), Bangladesh Civil Service (Economic), Bangladesh Civil Service (Statistical), Bangladesh Civil Service (Public Works), Bangladesh Civil Service (Public Health engineering), Bangladesh Civil Service (Roads and Highways), Bangladesh Civil Service (Tele – Communication ), Bangladesh Civil Service (Audit and accounts), Bangladesh Civil Service (Customs and Excise), Bangladesh Civil Service (Taxation), Bangladesh Civil Service ( Foreign Affairs), Bangladesh Civil Service (Family Planning), Bangladesh Civil Service (Information), Bangladesh Civil Service (Judicial), Bangladesh Civil Service (Enforcement: police), Bangladesh Civil Service (Enforcement: Ansar), Bangladesh Civil Service (Railway: Transportation & Commercial), Bangladesh Civil Service (Railway: Engineering), Bangladesh Civil Service (Co-operative), Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre – Bangladesh. Accourding to the Bangladesh Civil Service Administration Academy Job Circular image, Bangladesh Civil Service Administration Academy 2021 has been published for the qualified government job seekers in Bangladesh. However, the scope of the local government was considerably broadened under the Act III of 1885 (B.C.). A continuing problem with one of these armed groups led by Kader “Tiger” Siddiqi, a one-time freedom fighter and former enlisted man in the Pakistan Army, was eased when the Janata Party came to power in India in early 1977. Ershad built on Zia’s earlier platform of advocating an increased role for Islam in the culture and politics of Bangladesh. No important policy decision is taken without the approval of the Cabinet. 1976, Personnel Aspects Including Pay, Martial Law Committee for Examining Organizational set-up of Ministries/Divisions, Departments. The new Indian Prime Minister, Morarji Desai, discontinued the assistance and sanctuary that Indira Gandhi’s government had given to pro-Mujib rebels working against the government. In the late 1980s, the four divisions were divided into twenty-one regions, and the regions were subdivided into sixty-four districts (zilas). After Zia’s assassination, Vice President Sattar became acting president and, as the Constitution stipulates, called for new elections for president within 180 days. He is an additional secretary to the government placed in BPSC on deputation. Observers tended to conclude that instead of furthering decentralized democracy, the system only strengthened the national party controlled from Dhaka. The government organization in Bangladesh can be conceptualized as a two-their administrative system. Attempts were made to inject the spirit of contemporary British liberalism into Indian administration, Western representative institutions were begun to be introduced with a confidence that the Indian Empire would over time become a dominion of the British Empire and remain its partner forever. Pre-Gupta Period We has no definite information regarding the administrative system of Bengal during the pre-Mauryan period. Any member can be removed from office but only in like manner and on like grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court is removed under provisions made in the Constitution. Initially 95 posts of Joint Secretary out of 159 and 245 posts of deputy secretary out of 377 were kept reserved for the BCS administration cadre. You should check the right job post if you are an educated, job candidate. (ix) to advise on disciplinary and appeal matters affecting government servants. It also deals with matters relating to the remuneration and privileges of the President, Prime Minister and ministers. Hence a body designated as Public Service Commission, Eastern Pakistan (renamed later East Pakistan Public Service Commission) came into being in East Bengal (later named East Pakistan) in August 1947. After establishing control of the country, he had three main priorities for bringing political chaos to an end and for governing Bangladesh. The charter created the BPATC by amalgamating the following training institutions: Bangladesh Administrative StaffCollege (BASC); National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA); Civil Officer’s TrainingAcademy (COTA); and. The second part of the report contained recommendations regarding the reorganization of the secretariat system and procedure of work, ministerial and departmental organization, and district and local government administration. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (interned in Pakistani jail). Besides the long list of officials, as contained in the land grants, other important information regarding the administration bear clear testimony to the fact that the administrative system of ancient Bengal was uniform throughout the region in its main outline and was subject to changes and modifications when the situation demanded. The secretary is designated as the administrative head of the ministry/division that is responsible for the administration and discipline and proper conduct of business assigned to it. Second, when the Sangsad is in session, its members raise questions regarding various subjects related to a ministry. foreign aided projects, and projects which are funded entirely by government resources. Nevertheless, the intense rivalry between the generalist administrators and the specialists (doctors, engineers and agriculturists) is at the centre of the demand for civil service reform. The colonial administration obtained its characteristics from the dictates of the state formation processes. Subsequently the BCS was reorganized and the number of service cadres increased to 29. The India-wide Empire was not yet in sight and it was never in the mind of Cornwallis when he formulated the principles of his administrative system. In 1977, the Government abolished the class system and replaced it with a Unified Grade System (UGS) and a National Pay Scale (NPS) consisting of twenty service grade and pay scales, which were to apply to all personnel in the public sector. It confirmed the declaration of independence made earlier. The qazi, who was a local judge before, was now reduced to a mere Muslim marriage registrar. BPSC usually performs the following functions: (i) to conduct competitive examinations and/or interviews for direct recruitment of persons in the government service; (ii) to conduct psychological and intelligence tests for candidates who qualify in the competitive examinations seeking selection to the various civil service cadres; (iii) to conduct tests and/or interviews for promotion of government servants from one service to another (e.g., from class II to class I); t. (iv) o select candidates from among the serving temporary government servants for appointment to permanent posts; (v) to endorse ad hoc appointments made under various ministries/divisions; (vi) to advise on matters in respect of framing necessary recruitment rules as well as the principles to be followed in making recruitment, promotions and transfers in the government service, including the determination of inter se seniority position of government officers; (vii) to examine and approve rules and syllabi of various departmental and professional examinations as well as conduct such examinations for government servants; (viii) to advise on matters affecting the terms and conditions of service of government servants; and. The basic professional tasks ascribed to BPATC are to design and organize training courses, workshops, seminars and conduct research on public administration, management and development economics. The secretary is further designated as the principal accounting officer of the ministry/division, including its attached departments and subordinate offices. Business executives of both public and private sectors are also encouraged to participate in the training programmes of BPATC. It was during the rule of the Pala kings that the central administrative machinery was established in Bengal upon the structure of the Gupta provincial administration. An assistant secretary/senior assistant secretary can dispose of all cases where there are clear precedents, and no question of deviation from such precedent is involved. In addition, there are six zonal offices of which five are located in the outlying five divisional headquarters, and the remaining one, meant for Dhaka division, is accommodated in the same building where the headquarters of the BPSC Secretariat is housed. In the late 1980s, the chief government official in charge of local projects and development efforts was the sub district project management (upazila nirbahi) officer, who directed a staff of about 250 technical and administrative officers. With regard to legislative measure, whenever a law is to be framed, the relevant ministry initiates the proposal, holds inter-ministerial consultations and then seeks the views of the ministry of law. The main objectives of this national administrative training academy are: (a) to impart professional training to the members of the BCS (administration) cadre to improve their knowledge and skills regarding criminal laws, land laws, various minor acts, rules and regulations, public administration, development administration and good governance; (b) to enable young officers to study the constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and other basic laws and internalize their spirit and consider their implications for the public servants; (c) to facilitate sharing of ideas and experiences between young and senior members of the service by organizing seminars, symposia, workshops etc on important issues in public administration and socio-economic subjects; (d) to develop in trainees esprit de corps so that they can think, plan, organize and work through teamwork; (e) to maintain intimate linkage with other training institutes, both local and foreign, for improving and upgrading the training management system; (f) to provide consultancy and advisory services to the government in different areas of public administration, management and economic development, and to assist the government in formulating policies on training and human resource development as and when asked for; and (g) to prepare and publish case studies, research papers, journals and professional books on fields of specialization of the Academy and also on related areas. Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre the chief administrative training institution located at savar, about 28 kilometers to the north of the capital city, Dhaka. Dr. T Hossain; Assistant Director, Health: Dr. Ahmed Ali. Chandra, Varman and Sena Period the inscriptions of the Chandras, the Varmans and the Senas show a great similarity with those of the Palas in respect of the portions referring to the administrative machinery. They normally function under the direction of attached departments. The Constitution was fundamentally amended in January 1975. This angered some of the freedom fighters, who had rapidly reached high positions. Training courses offered by the Academy include the following: (a) a five-month long law and administration course for assistant commissioners/assistant secretaries; (b) short courses on management of criminal courts, land revenue laws, and civil laws for assistant commissioners; (c) short courses on laws for magistrates; (d) short courses for assistant commissioners and junior officers in secretarial procedures; (e) an advanced course on law and administration for additional district magistrates, additional deputy commissioners, upazila nirbahi officers, revenue deputy collectors, land acquisition officers and general certificate officers; and (f) orientation courses for upazila nirbahi officers, deputy commissioners and district magistrates. President is head of government reverted to parliamentary, this body is presently designated the... The opinion of many observers, Zia, although ruthless with his opponents was! 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